This guide was last updated 10 May 2022
Navigating the property market and its prices can be tough enough, but add on all the different terms, jargon, and variables that getting a mortgage has and it can feel impossible.
You might feel as though you don’t know enough, and when a new term that you don’t understand is thrown into the ring it can be a confusing or frustrating experience. With a decision as important and expensive as buying a house and getting a mortgage, you’ll want to know everything you can to make sure you’re getting the best deal for your money.
Here’s a list of terms you may run into and what they mean, so you can cut through the jargon and equip yourself with all the mortgage knowledge you need!
Okay, let’s get the obvious one out of the way first. A mortgage is a legal agreement in which a bank, building society, or other lender, lends money at interest to a borrower (you) to enable you to buy or refinance a home without paying the entire house price upfront.
For an extra piece of trivia, the word originates from the French term “mortgage”, which translates from “mort” meaning “dead” and “gage” meaning “pledge”, literally translating to dead pledge. This refers to the fact that the deal dies when the debt is paid or when someone cannot make payments and the property is taken through foreclosure.
Once you’ve exchanged contracts, you take on the responsibility of organising insurance for the property. This protects the structure of your home from fires, floods, and vandalism. It’s also a requirement of your mortgage agreement to make sure you have at least the minimum level of buildings insurance.
A buy-to-let property is bought by landlords with the intention of letting/renting it out to tenants. A lot of mortgage lenders offer special deals for these.
A conveyancer is a professional who deals with the legal aspects of buying or selling property and land.
They can be:
It is generally recommended to employ a solicitor or conveyancer. In fact, most mortgage lenders will insist on doing so in order to protect their interests.
Conveyancing is the legal process of transferring the title of a property from one person to another. This includes getting a mortgage. The typical conveyancing process has two phases, the exchanging of contracts and completion, and is usually performed by a conveyancer.
A mortgage deposit is an amount you initially put down towards the total price of the property. The current lowest percentage of payment is 5% thanks to the UK government’s introduction of the 95% mortgage scheme.
This scheme was introduced in April 2021 to encourage lenders to reintroduce 5% deposits, as they had disappeared during the uncertain times of the pandemic’s peak. 5% deposits were originally intended for first time buyers, with the regular minimum being 10% and some lenders expecting more.
The higher the deposit you can pay the lower the monthly repayments and interest rates.
Equity refers to the amount of your property that you own outright, meaning the deposit and the mortgage payments so far. The value of this is assessed compared to what you’ve paid and what you still have to pay off on the mortgage loan.
A fixed rate mortgage means that the interest rate will stay the same for the first few years (this could be anything from 1 year to 10 years), even if the base rate of interest changes (determined by the Bank of England).
These are handy as they allow you to make sure you know exactly what your payments will be each month.
A flexible mortgage means you are not limited to paying a fixed amount monthly. For example, some months you can choose to pay more, and other months you can choose to pay less and even take a payment holiday. If you’re able to, it means you’ll be able to pay off your mortgage early, saving you money on interest. However, flexible mortgages tend to be more expensive than regular ones.
Following on from mortgages, let’s look at the complete opposite or when it goes wrong. This is incredibly rare but still useful to know – repossessions count for 1% of sales (and these statistics come from 2020). There are other options before this happens.
Foreclosure happens when you cannot make or stop paying the monthly repayments (aka going into arrears). It is a legal process in which the lender attempts to recover the balance of the loan by forcing the sale of the property.
The freehold refers to the building and the land it stands on. So if you own this, you have control of both.
Gazumping happens when a seller accepts an offer on a property but then, before contracts are exchanged, a different buyer makes a higher offer which the seller then accepts. The buyer who made the first offer will have to either make an even higher offer or lose the purchase.
Similar to how a parent can enter a joint mortgage to help their child, a guarantor refers to a third party who agrees to meet the monthly mortgage repayment if you cannot. A guarantor is usually a parent, guardian, or another family member.
A joint mortgage is when a mortgage is taken out by two or more people. You might decide to buy a house with a partner or friends. A parent can also help their children buy a property by entering a joint mortgage with them.
One thing to note is if you buy with a partner but they pass away, the ownership of the mortgage reverts to you, the surviving person.
This means you own the property but not the land it’s built on until a specific number of years have passed. A good example would be flats, as these are usually owned on a leasehold basis. The shorter the leasehold term the more expensive it will be.
Loan to value refers to the size of your mortgage as a percentage of the property’s value. For example, if you have a £60,000 mortgage and your property is worth £120,000, your LTV will be 50%.
Monthly repayments refer to the amount you pay your lender each month. The payment covers a percentage of your mortgage plus interest. This monthly amount is determined by the percentage of the deposit you initially pay.
A mortgage broker or adviser is a professional who can help you find a mortgage suited to you, for example… us!
A mortgage term refers to how long you agree to repay the loan. The standard mortgage term in the UK is 25 years, but terms of up to 30 or 40 years are becoming more common. The shortest terms are around 5 years.
This happens when the value of a property falls and becomes less than the mortgage taken out on it. Having negative equity could make remortgaging or moving house difficult.
Remortgaging is when you change your mortgage without moving house. This is done for several reasons. You could save money by changing to a different type of mortgage because they have a better interest rate. You can use the other mortgage to repay the original one.
There are a lot of aspects to the mortgage process, so never be afraid to ask what something means. To learn even more about these mortgage terms and get professional advice, contact us today for a no-obligation chat!